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dc.contributor.author Coughlan, James M. en
dc.contributor.author Shen, Huiying en
dc.contributor.author Biggs, Brandon en
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-26T19:10:56Z
dc.date.available 2020-05-26T19:10:56Z
dc.date.issued 2020 en
dc.identifier.citation Journal on Technology and Persons with Disabilities 8: 210-222. en
dc.identifier.issn 2330-4219 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10211.3/215989 en
dc.description 35th Annual Assistive Technology Conference Scientific/Research Proceedings, San Diego, 2020 en
dc.description.abstract We describe a new approach to audio labeling of 3D objects such as appliances, 3D models and maps that enables a visually impaired person to audio label objects. Our approach to audio labeling is called CamIO, a smartphone app that issues audio labels when the user points to a hotspot (a location of interest on an object) with a handheld stylus viewed by the smartphone camera. The CamIO app allows a user to create a new hotspot location by pointing at the location with a second stylus and recording a personalized audio label for the hotspot. In contrast with other audio labeling approaches that require the object of interest to be constructed of special materials, 3D printed, or equipped with special sensors, CamIO works with virtually any rigid object and requires only a smartphone, a paper barcode pattern mounted to the object of interest, and two inexpensive styluses. Moreover, our approach allows a visually impaired user to create audio labels independently. We describe a co-design performed with six blind participants exploring how they label objects in their daily lives and a study with the participants demonstrating the feasibility of CamIO for providing accessible audio labeling. en
dc.format application/pdf en
dc.format.extent 13 pages en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher California State University, Northridge. en
dc.rights Copyright 2020 by the authors and California State University, Northridge en
dc.subject Blindness en
dc.subject Low Vision en
dc.subject Visually Impaired en
dc.subject Accessibility en
dc.subject Audio Labeling en
dc.title Towards Accessible Audio Labeling of 3D Objects en
dc.type Article en
dc.rights.license Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 4.0 Unported License. en


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