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dc.contributor.advisor Weigand, Peter W. en Truschel, John Paul en 2016-11-17T15:54:18Z en 2016-11-17T15:54:18Z en 1996 en 1996-12 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 72-78) en
dc.description California State University, Northridge. Department of Geological Sciences. en
dc.description.abstract The Fine Gold Intrusive Suite (FGIS), located at the western edge of the Sierra Nevada batholith north of Fresno, California, is one of a number of Late Cretaceous intrusive complexes that become progressively younger to the east. Systematic west-to-east compositional variations across the batholith include an increase in K20 and Rb abundances and initial 87Sr/86Sr (Sri) values and a decrease in initial 143Nd/144Nd values. Several geochemical and tectonic boundaries have been proposed to traverse the FGIS including the Sri= 0.706 isopleth, the boundary between Panthalassan and North American lithosphere, and the boundary between terranes having contrasting magnetic susceptibility intensities. The present study was developed in order to assess these proposed boundaries and characterize source magmas of this westernmost Cretaceous intrusive suite. The petrography, major-oxide and trace-element abundances, and isotopic parameters were studied for samples from each of the five major lithodemes which comprise the FGIS. These are: (1) the Tonalite of Ross Creek, a small, relatively mafic pluton; (2) the granodiorites of Arch rock; (3) the Ward Mountain Trondhjemite; and ( 4) the Knowles Granodiorite - all small, relatively felsic plutons; and (5) the extensive Bass Lake Tonalite, which varies from tonalite to granodiorite. All FGIS lithodemes belong to the calc-alkaline magma series and are depleted in K, Rb, Nb, and Ta. Rare-earth element (REE) patterns show that FGIS samples are moderately enriched in the light REE relative to chondrites (LaN = 16 to 11 0), exhibit moderate light REE fractionation (LaN/LuN = 2 to 37), and have a Eu-anomaly which is small or negligible. Isotopic data measured on a subset of six samples show the following ranges: Sr; = 0. 7044 to 0. 7061, initial 143Nd/144Nd = 0.51246 to 0.51270 (?Nd = +2.0 to - 3.6), ? 18O = 9.9 to 12. 1�/00 (measured on plagioclase separates), 206Pb/204Pb = 18.88 to 19.28, 207Pb/204Pb = 15.62 to 15.68, and 208Pb/204Pb = 38.81 to 39.34. Data from this study and from the literature on the Sherman Thomas pluton, a 126-Ma subsurface trondhjemite located just to the west of the FGIS, suggest that the Cretaceous mantle in this area had an Sri of 0. 7032 and an initial 143Nd/144Nd of 0.5 12971 (?Nd = +9.2), only slightly more evolved than mantle sources of mid-ocean ridge basalts. Oxygen data (?18O= 9.2 �/00) indicate that the Sherman Thomas magma interacted with sedimentary material. Limited data on the Ward Mountain and Knowles bodies suggest that primitive mantle magmas interacted with crustal material to a limited degree, resulting in slightly raised Sr; and slightly lowered 143Nd/144Nd values. More extensive data for the Bass Lake Tonalite available from this study and the literature suggest that this mapped body may be a composite complex consisting of four distinct members. Rocks located south and west of the Coarsegold roof pendant originated from mantle melts that interacted with crustal rocks which resulted in a little oxidized, homogeneous magma with Sri of 0. 7045 and initial 143Nd/144Nd of 0.51270 (?Nd= +1.1) that then evolved by fractional crystallization with little further crustal interaction. Rocks located just to the north and east of the pendant underwent the same sequence, but interaction with two different types of crustal rocks yielded two distinct initial magmas; one was little oxidized with Sri of 0.7057 and initial 143Nd/144Nd of0.51253 (?Nd = +1.3) and another one was highly oxidized with Sri of 0.7061 and initial 143Nd/144Nd of 0.51246 (?Nd = -2.1). Both of these magmas then evolved by fractional crystallization with little further crustal interaction. A fourth variety of magma may comprise Bass Lake exposures that extend north of the town of Coarsegold. en
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by John Paul Truschel en
dc.format application/pdf en
dc.format.extent xi, 137 pages en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher California State University, Northridge en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject.other Dissertations, Academic -- CSUN -- Geology. en
dc.title Petrogenesis of the fine gold intrusive suite, Sierra Nevada Batholith, California en
dc.type Thesis en 2016-11-17T15:54:18Z en
dc.contributor.department Geological Sciences en M.S. en
dc.contributor.committeemember Walawender, Michael J. en
dc.contributor.committeemember Dunne, George C. en
dc.contributor.committeeMember Walawender, Michael J. en
dc.contributor.committeeMember Dunne, George C. en
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