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dc.contributor.advisor Decker, James en_US
dc.contributor.author Mejia, Lesly
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-29T16:41:37Z
dc.date.available 2020-05-29T16:41:37Z
dc.date.copyright 2020 en_US
dc.date.issued 2020-05-29
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10211.3/216081 en
dc.description California State University, Northridge. Department of Social Work. en
dc.description.abstract Purpose: The purpose of this research is to examine the early interventions of youth affected by prenatal alcohol exposure. This literature review will look to gain an understanding on the present research of early interventions for youth who are affected by prenatal exposure as well as identify the gaps in research that still needs to be conducted. Method: The method used to find the research material was through the California State University, Northridge, library research search engine. Results: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) cause permanent conditions and are the number one cause of preventable birth defects and developmental disabilities. Five percent of the nation's children are born with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs), due to prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) which can cause developmental delays and learning disabilities. Attention span, memory, language, reasoning, judgment and decision making may all be affected by this spectrum disorder. Effected individuals have difficulty managing their day-to-day lives. Left unaddressed or untreated, many will have long-term issues, including mental health and addiction issues, lack of employment, incarceration, and other safety concerns. Individuals diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders may need lifelong support, but the disorder is often misunderstood, say advocates. Access to effective early interventions-which improve the outlook for affected individuals- is dependent upon early detection and intervention. Research shows that "specific symptoms are manageable and affected individuals' life outcomes can be improved." (Nash & Davies, 2009, p.595) A review of the literature shows barriers to receiving appropriate interventions. One such barrier to receiving appropriate interventions is early diagnosis. Another is training of providers such as pediatricians, teachers and occupational therapists. Another barrier is access to services, as these individual's needs are not recognized by typical screenings for services at Regional Centers. Lastly, evidence based interventions for students with FASD have not yet been identified. Five neurodevelopmental interventions may warrant further study for efficacy. Thereafter, four key needs exist to effectively reach this population: 1) awareness of FASD in the general population 2) establishment of evidence-based interventions 3) education and training within populations of providers, such as pediatricians, teachers, and occupational therapists to proliferate such trainings, and 4) making trainings available to relevant individuals and caregivers. In the spirit of "Not About Us Without Us," in this quest for knowledge, representation of individuals with prenatal alcohol exposure and their caregivers should be considered vital, as these two groups have been on the front lines. In many cases, they have been so with no central information or training ground.
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Lesly Mejia en_US
dc.format application/pdf en
dc.format.extent 5, 12 pages en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher California State University, Northridge en_US
dc.rights.uri http://scholarworks.csun.edu/xmlui/handle/10211.2/286 en_US
dc.subject Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
dc.subject
dc.subject Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
dc.subject FASDs
dc.subject FAS
dc.subject Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder
dc.subject ARND
dc.subject.other Dissertations, Academic -- CSUN -- Social Work. en_US
dc.title Early Interventions for Youth Affected by Prenatal Alcohol Exposure: A Review of Current Literature en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.date.updated 2020-05-29T16:41:41Z
dc.contributor.department Social Work en
dc.description.degree M.S.W. en_US
dc.contributor.committeeMember Ashley, Wendy en_US
dc.contributor.committeeMember Willner, Lauren en_US
dc.rights.license By signing and submitting this license, you the author grant permission to CSUN Graduate Studies to submit your thesis or dissertation, and any additional associated files you provide, to CSUN ScholarWorks, the institutional repository of the California State University, Northridge, on your behalf. You grant to CSUN ScholarWorks the non-exclusive right to reproduce and/or distribute your submission worldwide in electronic or any medium for non-commercial, academic purposes. You agree that CSUN ScholarWorks may, without changing the content, translate the submission to any medium or format, as well as keep more than one copy, for the purposes of security, backup and preservation. You represent that the submission is your original work, and that you have the right to grant the rights contained in this license. You also represent that your submission does not, to the best of your knowledge, infringe upon anyone's copyright. If the submission contains material for which you do not hold copyright, or for which the intended use is not permitted, or which does not reasonably fall under the guidelines of fair use, you represent that you have obtained the unrestricted permission of the copyright owner to grant CSUN ScholarWorks the rights required by this license, and that such third-party owned material is clearly identified and acknowledged within the text or content of the submission. If the submission is based upon work that has been sponsored or supported by an agency or organization other than the California State University, Northridge, you represent that you have fulfilled any right of review or other obligations required by such contract or agreement. CSUN ScholarWorks will clearly identify your name(s) as the author(s) or owner(s) of the submission, and will not make any alterations, other than those allowed by this license, to your submission. en_US


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