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dc.contributor.author Suto, Amber en
dc.contributor.author Voeks, Robert en
dc.date.accessioned 2021-07-21T20:35:17Z
dc.date.available 2021-07-21T20:35:17Z
dc.date.issued 2021 en
dc.identifier.citation The California Geographer 59: 73-96. en
dc.identifier.issn 0575-5700 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10211.3/221208
dc.description.abstract Gardens constitute a nexus between culture and constructed nature. For diaspora communities, they often stand as material reflections of the process of cultural continuity and assimilation. In the case of forced immigrants, such as the incarceration of roughly 120,000 Nikkei (Japanese Americans) during World War II, the degree to which they were able to reconstruct features of the gardens of their homelands is particularly instructive. Using primary sources in public archives, we investigate how interned Nikkei used gardening to endure their incarceration and to recultivate their traditional relationships with nature. For Nikkei internees, gardens provided a wealth of material and psychological benefits. Because the camps were typically at locations largely devoid of vegetation, gardens provided a means to making their forced incarceration in hostile landscapes more habitable. Most importantly, because camp gardens were explicit celebrations of Japanese heritage, they constituted subtle acts of political resistance. en
dc.format application/pdf en
dc.format.extent 24 pages en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher California Geographical Society en
dc.rights Copyright 2021 by the California Geographical Society en
dc.subject Gardens en
dc.subject Internment camp en
dc.subject Sense of place en
dc.subject Nikkei en
dc.subject Cultural marker en
dc.subject Diaspora en
dc.title Uprooted: Gardening and Landscaping During the Japanese American Internment en
dc.type Article en


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